Mehrgarh – Unearthing the Secrets of South Asia’s Oldest Site

Mehrgarh is a Neolithic archaeological marvel that stands as a witness to the dawn of earliest civilization in South Asia that used farming and herding as means of survival. In this article, we will take you on a informative journey of learning about the rich history, captivating landscapes, and intriguing mysteries of this ancient site.


Located in the Balochistan province of Pakistan, Mehrgarh is situated approximately 30 kilometers west of the town of Sibi. Nestled amidst the terrain of the Kacchi Plain, Mehrgarh’s strategic location along the ancient trade routes of the Indus Valley made it a thriving center of early human civilization. 

Historical Significance

Mehrgarh History

Mehrgarh holds the distinction of being one of the oldest known Neolithic sites in South Asia, with evidence of human settlement dating back over 9,000 years. In 1974, Mehrgarh was found by a team of French archaeologists, Jean-François Jarrige and his wife, Catherine Jarrige. They dug at Mehrgarh from 1974 to 1986, and then resumed excavations from 1997 to 2000. Excavations at Mehrgarh have revealed a wealth of artifacts, including pottery, tools, and ornaments, shedding light on the social, economic, and technological advancements of its inhabitants. As per the observations of archaeologists, most of the people who resided in Mehrgarh were hunters as they discovered bones of diverse animals including deer, pig, sheep, goat and many more while digging.

Geography of Mehrgarh

The geography of Mehrgarh is characterized by its flat and arid landscape. The site is situated near the foothills of the Bolan Pass, providing access to vital water sources and fertile land for agriculture. The nearby Bolan River served as a lifeline for the inhabitants of Mehrgarh, supporting their agricultural endeavors and facilitating trade with neighboring regions. 

Exciting Things to Enjoy at Mehrgarh

Mehrgarh Information and Activities

Visitors to Mehrgarh can immerse themselves in the rich history and cultural heritage of this ancient site. Guided tours offer a fascinating glimpse into the daily life of early Mehrgarh’s inhabitants, allowing visitors to explore reconstructed dwellings, observe ancient artifacts, and learn about the customs and traditions of Neolithic society.

Closeby Attractive Destinations

There are several attractions near Mehrgarh that are worth watching. The town of Sibi, with its bustling bazaars and historic landmarks, offers a glimpse into the vibrant culture of Balochistan. Nature enthusiasts can also explore the scenic beauty of the Kachi Plain, with its sprawling desert landscapes and unique flora and fauna. Also, Bolan Pass, Hanna Lake, and Hingol National Park can be visited for an thrilling experience. 

How to Reach Mehrgarh

Reaching Mehrgarh is relatively straightforward, with several transportation options available from Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan. The distance from Islamabad to Mehrgarh is approximately 630 kilometers by road, with the journey taking around 10-12 hours by car. Alternatively, visitors can opt to travel by train to nearby Sibi and then take a short drive to Mehrgarh.

Also, you can book your tour with a reliable travel agency. If you want to ease your shoulders from the stress of traveling, then Guide to Pakistan can take away all your worries with their economical and well-planned services, making your trip a cherishable journey. 


Mehrgarh captivates visitors with its rich history, stunning landscapes, and enduring mysteries. Whether you’re a history freak, an archaeology enthusiast, or simply a curious traveler seeking to uncover the secrets of the past, Mehrgarh offers a truly immersive experience that will leave you with a deeper appreciation for the wonders of ancient civilization. So travel and let the secrets of South Asia’s oldest site unfold before your eyes.

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